Saturday, February 14, 2015

[gita-talk] Daily Bhagavad Gita Message - Gita 18-15

 

||  Shree Hari  ||

Srimad Bhagavad Gita

Eighteenth Chapter

  
                                             18-15

śarīravāṅmanobhiryatkarma prārabhate naraḥ
nyāyyaṁ vā viparītaṁ vā pañcaite tasya hetavaḥ

Whatever action a man performs with his body, speech and mind-- whether right or wrong, these (aforesaid in 18-14) five are its causes.



                                                 18-14


adhiṣṭhānaṁ tathā kartā karaṇa ca pṛthagvidham
vividhāśca pṛthakceṣṭā daiva caivātra pañcamam

The seat (original base) of all actions (the body), the doer (agent), the instruments of various sorts (senses), many kinds of efforts and Daiva impression being the fifth.

Comment:

Here five factors (causes) are described to illustrate that the Atma (Sefl) is not the doer. Among the five causes, on abandoning the doership, the relationship with action is broken. For the accomplishment of actions the five factors (causes) are as follows:
1. Adhiṣṭhānaṁ-- the body
2. 'Kartā'-- unwise person assumes the relationship with the ego of 'aparā prakṛti'
3. Karaṇa-- Five senses of action, five senses of knowledge, mind, intellect and
   ego-- these 13 instruments
4. Pṛthakceṣṭā-- various actions of the instruments
5. Daivam--  Nature or good and bad impressions from previous lives.

The latent tendencies to perform actions or the individual nature-- both are
one and the same thing (' svabhavas tu pravartate' Gītā 5/14).   
 
From Gita Prabodhini  by Swami Ramsukhdasji

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Please also visit website of Swami Sharnanandji Maharaj,  a great saint who Swamiji quoted often.  


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Hindi :       www.swamiramsukhdasji.org

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