Friday, October 24, 2014

[gita-talk] Daily Bhagavad Gita Message - Gita 16-5


Sixteenth Chapter


daivī sampadvimokṣāya nibandhāyāsurī matā
mā śucaḥ sampadaṁ daivīmabhijāto'si pāṇḍava

Divine traits are deemed to be for liberation, the demoniacal nature is conductive to bondage; O Pāṇḍava (Arjuna), you are endowed with divine virtues, therefore, you should not grieve (worry).


On one side of the person (Jivatma), there is God while on the other side is the world. When he has an inclination towards God, then he is endowed with divine nature and when he has an inclination towards the world, he is endowed with the demoniacal nature.
Performance of actions for happiness of others or the desire to comfort others is 'sentience' while performance of actions for one's own pleasure or to desire for one's own comfort is 'insentience' (Jadah). Even singing of glories and meditation when they are done for one's own happiness, honor and respect are insentience. When there is predominance of the sentience, the man is endowed with the divine nature and when there is predominance of insentience, the man is endowed with the demoniacal nature.
The root-evil is only one which gives rise to all demoniacal traits and the prime virtue is also one by which all the divine traits are revealed. The root evil is -- to accept the existence and importance of the body and the world, and getting attached to them. The prime virtue is-- to accept the existence and importance of God and to build a relationship with Him. The root evil and the prime virtue, they only which appear in different forms because of the difference in places.

So long as evil traits remain with virtues, until then the virtues appear to be important and man becomes proud of them. but if no evil remains then the is gone. Pride is at the root of the demoniacal nature. It is because of pride that a man feels that he is special compared to others-- this is demoniacal nature. It is due to pride only that even the divine nature becomes promoter of the demoniacal nature. But when evils don't persist with virtues, then virtues do not seem important and one is not even proud of them. Due to absence of pride in Arjuna, he does not see the virtues (superiority) in him. Therefore, to relieve him from worry, Lord declares to him that he is endowed with divine traits, though he may not see these traits in him.

In Gita, the expression, ' śucaḥ' appears twice-- once here and the other time in sixty-sixth verse of Chapter eighteen. Here, this expression is used as a goal for an aspirant (Sadhaka) while in eighteenth Chapter it is used for a perfected being (Sidha) to relieve from worry. Therefore, the devotee should not worry in both type of situations.

From Gita Prabodhini  by Swami Ramsukhdasji
Hindi :


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