Thursday, June 12, 2014

[gita-talk] The Bhagavad Gita - Daily Message - 15 /16


||   Shree Hari   ||

Fifteenth Chapter

||   15 / 16  ||

dvāvimau puruṣau loke kṣaraścākṣara eva ca

kṣaraḥ sarvāṇi bhūtāni kūṭastho'kṣara ucyate

There are two kinds of Puruṣas in the world, the Kshara (perishable) and the 

Akshara (imperishable). The bodies of all beings are said to be perishable and 

the 'Kutusthah' (Jīvatma or soul) is called the imperishable. 

First in the sixth verse and then from the twelfth verse to the fifteenth verse, the 

Lord described that the independent existence is of Divine entity (Tatva) only and not 

of the worldly entity. The existence of worldly entity is due to Divine entity only. The 

worldly entity is illumined by the divine entity only. Whatever influence is perceived in 

the worldly entity, all of that is due to divine entity only. Now in the sixteenth verse the 

Lord by the term 'loke' describes the 'worldly entity'.

The universe (perishable) and the soul (imperishable)— both are 'Laukika' 

(worldly)— but God is distinctly different from both or 'Alaukika' (uniquely divine)-

- 'uttamaḥ puruṣastvanyaḥ' (Gītā 15/17). Karmayoga and Jñānayoga— these two 

yoga disciplines are also worldly— 'loke'smindvividhāniṣṭha..........' (Gītā 3/3). The 

basis for 'Karmayoga' is 'Kshara' and of 'Jñānayoga' it is Akshara; but 'Bhaktiyoga' 

is 'Alaukika' (unworldly or Divine), the basis for which is God. The 'Aparā Prakṛti' (lower 

nature) and the 'Parā Prakṛti' (higher nature) described in the seventh chapter have 

been called here as 'Kṣhara' and 'Akshara' respectively.

From Gita Prabodhani in Hindi by Swami Ramsukhdasji  


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