II 1:20 II
atha vyavasthitan drishtva, dhartarastran kapi-dhvajah
pravrtte shastra-sampate, dhanur udyamya pandavah
hrishikesham tada vakyam, idam aha mahee-pate (Gita 1:20)
Then, O Lord of the earth, seeing Dhrtarstra's sons arrayed in their
positions and the fighting about to commence, Pandava (Arjuna) whose
ensign badge is Hanuman, lifting his bow, spoke the following words
to Hrsikesa (Krishna).
From Gita Prabodhani in Hindi pg. 9 by Swami Ramsukhdasji
Chapter 1, Verse 20 is as follows;
Atha = now
Vyavasthitaan =standing arrayed
Drushtvaa = seeing
Dhartraraashtraan = Kauravaas
KapidhwajaH = monkey ensigned flag
Pravrutte = about to begin
Shastrasampaate = discharge of weapons
DhanuH -Udyamya =having taken his bow
PaandavaH = Arjuna
Hrusheekesham =to Lord Krishna
Tadaa = then
Vaakyam = words
Idam = these
Aah = said
Maheepate = O Lord of the Earth! i. e. O king Dhritarashtra!
O Ruler of the Earth O king Dhritarashtra, after observing the
army of Kauravaas being positioned and the discharge of weapons
about to commence; Arjuna, whose ensign badge is Hanuman the
monkey god, lifting his bow named `Gaandiva', spoke the following
words to Krishna.
For the past thirteen years in the exile, Arjuna was meticulously
scheming and planning the battle with his brothers, that was about
to commence hence forth. Suddenly, in a moment of self analysis and
introspection, Arjuna realises that this battle is going to be the
most decisive in his life and quiet distinct from all the earlier
ones that he had fought in his entire career as the best archer in
the Kuru kingdom.
In a fraction of a second, his anguished mind takes over his
intellect and his physical body and he plunges himself into a vortex
of all negative thought processes. He visualizes that the impending
struggle to recapture their usurped kingdom from the vicious
Kauravaas, in the ultimate analysis, will result into an erosion of
his personal value system and a total destruction of the principles
of the pious life that he had lead so far, that was based on the
great traditions of race, family and culture, the law and order of
the then prevailing society, the reverence for the great teachers
and masters, the patriotism of course, all these from his personal
point of view.
This was the carry forward effect of the arguments of Sanjaya, who
had been asked by king Dhritarashtra to dissuade the Pandavaas from
the battle, by appealing to their nobility and large heartedness.
Even Yudhishthira was impressed by the logic put forward by Sanjaya.
The traces of lingering thoughts of the futility of the battle in
the mind of Arjuna, were about to overpower his intellect and his
sense of the obligatory duty to fight the righteous battle
irrespective of its consequences including the material gains to
himself upon victory.
Arjuna knew quite well who were his enemies. However, the
overpowering of his mind over his intellect stopped him from
initiation of his obligatory duty. In the normal circumstances, he
would have immediately started showering arrows from his divine bow
called as `Gaandiva'. The sudden loss of clarity of thought
processes, which were not based on the superiority of intellect over
mind and physical body, illustrate the devastating effects of the
vacillating human mind, even on the finest human beings like Arjuna.
Thanks & Best Regards,
N.B. Goodbye to the troublesome year 2008 to all of us, now let us
look forward to the impending new year 2009. Happy new to all the
fellow Sadhakas! O Lord Krishna, please lead us from unreal to the
Real, from darkness to light and from death to immortality.
Thank you Mrs. K Asani for requesting shloka explanation on a daily
basis and Thank you Shri Shrikantji Joshi for taking the initiative
to support this divine work.
From Gita Talk Moderators